Pigmented lesions, birthmarks, brown spots, and age spots are created from an excessive concentration of melanin in the skin. Melanin is what gives our skin its color. Everyone has a different amount of melanin. Your physician will evaluate your skin and inform you of the specific type of skin lesion. High melanin concentrations can be caused by various factors. Some types are present at birth, but most occur with age or from overexposure to the sun’s damaging rays.
The most commonly treated conditions are solar lentigines (also known as age spots, liver spots or sun spots), café au lait birthmarks, and freckles. These benign pigmented lesions are caused by excess pigment in the skin, usually from sunlight exposure and congenital factors. Age spots may appear as enlarged light freckles on the face and hands. Café au lait birthmarks may appear as light brown markings anywhere on the body and can be quite large.
Pigmented lesions and age spots are cosmetic problems that do not require treatment for medical reasons. Topical therapies include tretinoin (Retin-A), topical vitamin C or fade creams. Topical therapies are an option, but results are unpredictable and response times can be 6 months or more for improvement. Makeup is also an option. Cryotherapy can improve pigmented lesions, but often leaves white unpigmented areas or small scars.
Most pigmented lesions, if completely removed, will not return. At times, however, sun exposure may cause café au lait spots to return. Permanence cannot be guaranteed. You will also continue to develop more age spots and freckles with time, and the appearance of these new lesions should not be confused with recurrence.
There is a high possibility of hair removal in the treatment area caused by uptake of light by melanin in the hair. Skin becoming darker immediately after treatment is a normal reaction. Crusting of the lesion can be expected, but will clear 1 – 2 weeks after treatment. In rare cases, temporary skin pigment changes may occur, but most patients experience fewer problems than they would after laser treatment.
The number of treatments depends on the lesion being treated. Solar lentigines require 1 – 3 treatments whereas café au lait spots take up to 12 treatments. The recommended treatment interval is 1 month.
Patients with sensitive skin may benefit from a single application of glucocorticoid cream immediately after treatment and antiseptic cream (chlorhexidine 1%) for a few days. Patients should avoid sun for a month or so after treatment and should use a sunscreen (SPF 30) in this period.
The laser is efficient in treatment of epidermal lesions such as solar lentigines, sun spots, age spots, and café au lait spots. It is extremely important to ensure that the lesion is benign, and to take specialist advice from a dermatologist if unsure.
Laser Facial Treatments FAQs
You will have an initial series of five treatments about 2 to 3 weeks apart. Afterward, other follow‐up treatments may be recommended (clients may desire more, after seeing positive benefits). Often patients have follow‐up treatments at six‐month intervals to maintain a more youthful appearance. Clinical studies suggest regular touch-up treatments help sustain continued growth of new collagen.
Treatments usually take from 20 to 30 minutes.
Candidates usually have wrinkles and fine lines, red, flushed faces, fine blood vessels, sun‐damaged skin, hyper-pigmentation including age spots, melasma, or enlarged pores.
Yes. Advanced light systems have been used safely for millions of treatments worldwide. They treat only targeted areas, leaving surrounding tissues intact. In rare instances, bruising, blistering, scarring, and pigmentary disorders can occur with either hypo-or hyperpigmentation. No one can guarantee that no adverse reactions will occur, but the vast majority of patients experience little or no adverse reaction.
Laser skin rejuvenation treatment uses lasers or light sources to rejuvenate your skin from the inside out. There are no chemicals or long recovery times, just younger-looking skin.
Skin rejuvenation combines a cooling cryogen spray with a laser to give you optimal results with minimal inconvenience. The protective cooling spray is applied to the skin, allowing laser skin rejuvenation light to pass harmlessly through the upper layers of your skin, stimulating the cells deep below the surface that produce natural collagen. Collagen and elastin fibers multiply after your treatment, so you see improved results over the months ahead.
Your skin is not subjected to harsh chemicals or the intense after‐care of other procedures. Patented technology protects the sensitive surface layers of your skin, allowing the laser to penetrate to a deeper level and stimulate new collagen growth.
Laser skin rejuvenation treatment can be performed on any facial area – around the eyes, mouth, cheeks, chin ‐ with minimal discomfort. A topical anesthetic cream can be used on extra sensitive areas, but no injections are needed.
The procedure takes between 15 and 30 minutes, with rarely any side effects. Makeup may be applied right away, so many patients come for treatment during lunch hour.
Absolutely, laser skin rejuvenation is an ideal complement to microdermabrasion, BOTOX®, and filler agents.
One of the most outstanding features of laser skin rejuvenation is virtually no downtime. After a session, the area may appear red for up to an hour. However, makeup can be applied immediately afterward. Since there is no wound, there is no healing time.